지난 15일 BBC One '앤드루 마 쇼(Andrew Marr Show)'에 한국 강경화 외교장관이 출연. 한국 정부의 기본적인 전략을 '개방성'과 '투명성'이라고 답했습니다.
강경화 장관의 BBC 인터뷰 내용을 보고 영어읽기, 말하기 훈련으로 아주 좋은 내용이어서 소개하고자 합니다. 아시다시피 강경화 장관은 발음, 억양, 표현방식 등을 배울 수 있는 좋은 교재입니다. 내용 먼저 한번 듣고, 똑같은 뉘앙스로 소리내서 읽고, 유용한 표현들은 자기것으로 소화해보면 좋을 것 같습니다.
영어는 평생할 수 있는 고급 취미입니다 ^^*
BBC : Foreign Minister, thanks for joining us. You have, as a country, adopted a particular strategy towards this. Just explain to us the basis of your strategy.
KANG : Yes. Well, the basic principle is openness, transparency and fully keeping the public informed. And I think this is paying off. We have a very good healthcare system to begin with. We have a system that is highly wired, as you can imagine, and fully utilising that we have dealt with this outbreak from the very beginning with- you know- full transparency, and that’s the way we’ve won the public trust and support for this. And as you say, we are seeing a stabilising trend. For three days in a row the number of newly-confirmed positive cases is smaller than the number of those fully cured and released.
BBC : You’ve also got the most extraordinary testing system. You’re testing, I think, 20,000 people a day, which is far more than any other country of your size. How have you managed to achieve this and why is testing central to what you’re doing?
KANG : Well, first of all, testing is central because that leads to early detection. It minimises further spread and it quickly treats those found with the virus. And I think that’s the key behind our very low fatality rate as well. I think our system quickly approved the testing system. After the Chinese authorities released the genetic sequence of the virus in mid-January, our health authorities quickly conferred with the research institutions here and then shared that result with the pharmaceutical companies who then produced the reagent and the equipment needed for the testing. And so I think our testing is nearly a quarter of a million at this point, 268,000 as of today.
BBC : That’s remarkable. The other thing you do, of course, is that you monitor people afterwards. You’re not going into the same kind of lockdown, social exclusion that a lot of European countries are, but instead you’re monitoring people by phone app. Again, can you explain why you’re doing that and not closing down large chunks of your country?
KANG : Well, I think this is being faithful to the values of our very vibrant democracy, which is open and you know, the government fully in the service of the people. And I have to say our public is very demanding and you know expects the highest standards from government services. And I think this is the key, the drive of our response to this. You know, we are monitoring very closely the inbound traffic. We have also put in place vetting of out-bound traffic so that we minimise the risk coming in from the in-bound traffic but also make sure that we do our very best to contain the spread within country but also taking steps to vet those with possible symptoms among those who are leaving the country.
BBC : The number of new cases is slowing down. Do you think you’re over the worst now?
KANG : Well, the peak of new cases was in late February when we had over 900 new confirmed cases. That has now come down to 76 new cases as of today. So yes, we are definitely seeing a normalising trend, a reduction of new cases. But of course we’re not complacent. This is not just about us and we are taking this approach of openness and transparency, not just domestically but to the international community, because we are a country that is highly interdependent with the rest of the world. Our people travel a great deal on business, on family visits, on tourism. Our economy depends on this interdependency with the outside world, so we want to keep the doors open with the other countries. And so, as this disease spreads to many more countries we’re watching very closely and we’re committed to maintaining our open approach. It may not be applicable in other countries with less IT infrastructure and other values, but I think in the end we have to acknowledge that this is not going to be the last time a novel pathogen becomes a global health threat. So we hope that our experience and our approach and model informs other countries dealing with this COVID-19, but also leading to greater international collaboration for better preparedness when this comes around the next time.
BBC : As it will, in your view. This is not the end, even if you get through this it’s not the end of the episode, it’s the beginning of a new way of living almost.
KANG : Yes. One thing I also would like to point out, as governments, we also have to guard against panic. I think governments have to be cool-headed about this and do what we do based on evidence and science. Because I think the declaration of the pandemic by the WHO risks turning the spread of the virus into a spread of fear and phobia. I can’t tell you how many incidents I get reports of, Asians, not just Koreans, being verbally abused, even physically attacked in other countries. And this, governments have to take responsibility to stop this kind of incident because that is not helpful to generating the spirit of collaboration that we absolutely need to overcome this challenge together globally.